Privacy Ref Blog

Three thoughts for business from the NSA privacy incidents

Yesterday the Washington Post published an article  based on an audit dated May 2012 describing violations of privacy rules by the NSA. As I read the article three thoughts occurred to me that a business can take away for their own privacy program. (Please note that these observations are not meant to comment on the unfolding NSA revelations.)

After introducing a privacy initiative things may look worse

One observation in the article is that  “Despite the quadrupling of the NSA’s oversight staff after a series of significant violations in 2009, the rate of infractions increased throughout 2011 and early 2012.”

When an organization begins a privacy initiative you can expect an uptick in reported privacy events, incidents, and concerns. For example,

These increased observations should be used to provide feedback to the training and awareness components of your program since the privacy requirements violated may require additional clarification. The incidents should also be used for feedback to refine the policy itself.

Human privacy errors do occur

For 2012 Q1 the audit reports 195 violations of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). Of these violations, 123 (or roughly 63%) were attributed to “Operator Error”.

Human error is just a fact of life. In fact, The Ponemon Institute recently reported that 35% of data breaches are due to human error.

While technology can be created or tuned to capture many types of human errors, the best preventative measure may very well be awareness initiatives. Finding creative ways to keep privacy top-of-mind for your organization’s staff will help them to think twice before they intentionally perform an unacceptable operation or double check what they are about to do before they unintentionally make an error.

Privacy requirements need to be clear and unambiguous

There are times when we communicate policies that we leave some “wiggle room” in the comments we make. This leaves room for interpretation of the policy by an organization’s staff which fill in the gaps and may, over time, become accepted practices.

These interpretations then may become the basis of new procedures and reports without the authors of these procedures and reports referring to the original policy.  The result may be that violations become routine in an organization even though everyone had the best intentions to be compliant.

To avoid this situation a privacy policy needs to be clear and unambiguous. The policy needs to be reinforced  with required annual training and an on-going awareness program.

As changes are made to the privacy policy you should not only provide training, but initiate a procedure review process to verify that the practices that were in place prior to the policy change comply with the new requirements.

  • author's avatar

    By: Bob Siegel

    Bob Siegel, the founder and President of Privacy Ref, Inc., has extensive professional experience in the development and improvement of privacy policies and procedures, the definition of performance metrics to evaluate privacy maturity, and the evaluation of compliance. He utilizes a combination of alignment, adaptability, and accountability strategies to guide organizations in achieving their privacy goals.

    He is a Fellow of Information Privacy (FIP) and a Certified Information Privacy Professional, awarded from the International Association of Privacy Professionals, with concentrations in U.S. private-sector law (CIPP/US), US public sector law (CIPP/G), European law (CIPP/E), and Canadian law (CIPP/C). He is also a Certified Information Privacy Manager (CIPM) and Privacy Technologist (CIPT).

    Siegel is a member of the IAPP faculty, has served on the Certification Advisory Board for the CIPM program the Publications Advisory Board.

    Siegel also writes the blog “Operational Privacy” on CSOonline.com

  • author's avatar

  • author's avatar

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Privacy Ref provides consulting and assessment services to build and improve organizational privacy programs. For more information call Privacy Ref at (888) 470-1528 or email us at info@privacyref.com

Posted on August 16, 2013 by Bob Siegel
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